Typical Work-Based Immigrant Visas (Green Cards):
EB-5 — Investor green card that can be self-petitioned, designed for those who invest a substantial sum of money (currently, the minimum is $800,000) into a U.S. business, resulting in the creation of 10 new U.S. jobs. This can be achieved either through Direct Investment (being the sole EB-5 investor in a business) or an EB-5 Regional Center investment (which amalgamates funds from multiple EB-5 investors to finance larger ventures).
EB-1A — Residency sponsored by an employer or self-petitioned for individuals with demonstrated “extraordinary ability” in their respective fields (business, arts, sciences, athletics, etc) (green card equivalent of the O-1 visa)
EB-1B — Residency sponsored by an employer for exceptional professors and researchers.
EB-1C — A type of residency sponsored by an employer for a Manager or Executive from a foreign company who has been transferred to a U.S. affiliate (this is the green card equivalent of the L-1A visa)
EB-2 — A type of residency sponsored by an employer for positions that necessitate a Master’s degree (this involves advertising the position and demonstrating that no U.S. workers were interested)
EB-3 — A type of residency sponsored by an employer for positions that require a Bachelor’s degree or no degree at all (this involves advertising the position and demonstrating that no U.S. workers were interested)
Typical Non-Immigrant Employment Visas (Renewable Temporary Visas):
L-1A — Relocation of a Manager or Executive from a foreign company to a related U.S. company
L-1B — Relocation of an employee with unique company-specific knowledge from a foreign company to a related U.S. company
H-1B — An individual with a specialized Bachelor’s degree (or equivalent experience) being employed for a U.S. job that necessitates that specialized knowledge (demand surpasses the yearly statutory limit, hence an H-1B lottery is held every March)
H-1B1 — Comparable to the H-1B, but exclusively for citizens of Singapore and Chile (no yearly lottery)
E-3 — Comparable to the H-1B, but exclusively for Australian citizens (no yearly lottery)
TN — An individual from Mexico or Canada who is recruited for a role in specific professions from a predefined list (such as architect, engineer, lawyer, doctor, scientist, teacher)
E-2 — Investors from nations that have a particular treaty with the U.S., who are entering the U.S. to oversee a company they predominantly own/control and have personally invested a “significant” amount of money/assets into
O-1 — An individual with “exceptional ability” in their field (business, music, television, art, sciences, sports, etc.), as demonstrated by evidence like awards, news articles, patents, box office earnings, testimonials, and so on.