Italian citizenship is the status of being a citizen of Italy. It grants individuals the right to live, work, and study in Italy without any restrictions. It also allows individuals to travel freely within the European Union (EU) and to other countries with which Italy has agreements.
There are several ways to obtain Italian citizenship, including:
Italian lineage citizenship is a viable route for those born to Italian parents, grandparents, or even further back in the family tree – there’s no generational limit. The historical backdrop of Italian lineage citizenship is deeply intertwined with the progression of Italian nationality laws, the principle of “jus sanguinis,” and the influence of legal changes on citizenship rights over the decades. “Jus sanguinis” is a Latin term meaning “right of blood,” or more precisely, citizenship is established by lineage (bloodline), that is, being born to Italian citizens or having Italian ancestry.
A significant number of individuals globally possess Italian ancestry. There was substantial emigration from Italy during the 19th and early 20th centuries, particularly to North and South America. This has led to a widespread Italian diaspora outside of Italy.
Possibly the most notable benefit of possessing Italian citizenship and a passport is the inherent right to travel without a visa to all European Union (EU) countries and the liberty to freely move within the Schengen Area member states without time constraints. The EU passport acquired through Italian citizenship confers upon you the status of both an Italian and an EU citizen. This allows holders to fully experience the varied cultures of Europe as official residents without any time limit.
Can I hold two passports?
If you hold the Italian citizenship and another country that allows dual citizenship, then indeed, you are eligible for dual citizenship in Italy.
What is the definition of jure sanguinis?
“Jure sanguinis” or “jus sanguinis” are Latin terms that translate to “right of blood.” This principle implies that your citizenship can be established through the citizenship of your parents or forebears, such as being born to Italian citizens or having Italian lineage. It also signifies that children below 18 years of age automatically become Italian if one of their parents is an Italian citizen and their birth certificate is registered in Italy.
What advantages come with EU citizenship?
As an EU citizen, you are granted fundamental rights such as the freedom to reside, work, and vote in any EU country without requiring a residency permit. Furthermore, since 2008, the majority of European nations have become part of the Schengen agreement, facilitating unrestricted movement and travel within its member countries. Dual citizens experience increased security while traveling overseas, are exempt from certain limitations, and receive the protection of the diplomatic and consular authorities of any EU country under the same terms as the citizens of that country.
Is there a tax obligation for Italian citizens?
The tax obligations of an Italian citizen are tied to the duration of their stay in Italy. This means that if you acquire Italian citizenship and choose to stay in Italy for over 183 days, or if you are a registered resident in an Italian municipality for more than 183 days, your income will be taxable. Conversely, if your stay in Italy is less than 183 days annually or you are not a registered resident in an Italian municipality, you will be free from any tax payments. However, it’s important to note that owning property in the country legally obligates you to pay property taxes. It’s crucial to highlight that tax agreements exist between Italy and the United States to shield their residents from being taxed twice.
What can I do if I do not qualify for citizenship through my ancestors?
If you are the child or grandchild of an ex-citizen, you can obtain Italian citizenship by residing in Italy for a period of three years. Individuals who are great-grandchildren (or further) are not treated differently than those with entirely non-Italian heritage, and can only gain citizenship by residing in Italy for a decade. Those who are ineligible for citizenship through lineage can still obtain it through marriage or by contributing to the government.
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